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每日百词计划:高考英语高频词汇(六)

来源于网络  2018-05-17 17:24 】 【我要纠错
  501. rough adj. 粗糙的;崎岖的;粗鲁的;粗略的;汹涌的   ~paper/ road/words/ weather/sea   502. material n. c/u 材料;布料a piece of material 一块布料; reading/building materials 阅读/建筑材料   503. trade n. 贸易;v. 交换 international trade国际贸易 trade A for B用A换B   504. long 1) adj./adv. long before 很久以前 He had left long before I arrived here.   before long 不久以后 We’ll come back before long.   in the long run 从长远看 no longer/ not any longer 不再   as long as 只要 So long = Byebye 再见   2) v. 渴望 long for sb. /sth long to do   Lucy has longed for a brother. I’m longing to see you again.   505. give v 递给,付出,给予 give out/up/away/in/off   506. same adj. 相同的,同样的 Don’t speak at the same time. I have the same bike as you.   -Happy Christmas to you! -The same to you.   -I like black tea and white coffee. –It is the same with me.   507. out adv. 外 out of luck 不走运 out of sight 看不见 one out of four 四分之一   run out 用尽 outdoor activities 户外运动 eat outdoors 野餐   508. allow v 准许,允许 allow doing/ sb to do   allow for 把 考虑进去 Has everything been allowed for in your plan?   509. compulsory 强制的,义务的 It is compulsory for sb to do   It is compulsory for all motorcyclists to wear helmets. compulsory education/ schooling   compulsory purchase   510. shade n. 阴(影),阴凉处【u】;(色彩的)浓淡【c】   in the ~ of a tree / various ~s of green各种深浅不同的绿色   511. deal dealt dealt v. deal with对付,应付;解决,处理;涉及,关于   She is used to dealing with all kinds of people in her job.   Have you dealt with these letters yet?   Her poems often deal with the subject of death.   a good/great deal of   They spent a great deal of money. It is a deal. 就这么办吧!   512. interview n. a television / newspaper / radio ~   v. Which post are you being ~ed for? If you don’t ~well , you are unlikely to get the job.   interviewee / interviewer n.   513. drug n. 药;毒品 take drugs 吸毒 drug addict 吸毒上瘾的人   514. regret (regretted-regretted-regretting) vt&n 后悔; 抱歉;惋惜   ~ one’s mistakes ~ doing/ ~ to do to one’s ~ 让某人遗憾的是……   515. compete vi 比赛,竞赛 competition n. compete with / against sb in sth for sth   516. appreciate vt. 欣赏;感激 appreciate your concern appreciate doing sth   appreciate your abilities/ fine works of art I’d appreciate it if you let me get on with my job.   517. decrease v. (使) 减少,变小 decrease (sth.) to 1000 decrease (sth.) by 10%   518. change v. 改变、变化; n. 变化;零钱(不可数)   change…into… 把……变成; change one’s mind 改变主意   Great changes have taken place in China.   There is no time to get changed before the party. Do you have any change on/with you ?   519. come came-came-come come up with 提出;想出   come across 偶遇; come about 产生,发生; come on 加油;快点;得啦   come true 实现; come up 走近;被提出;想起;发芽come out 出来;出版   520. bottom at the bottom of… from the bottom of one’s heart   521. influence n. have a strong… ~ on/ upon sb / sth   ~over sb / sth His parents no longer have any ~ over her.   under the ~ of sb / sth He committed the crime under the ~ of the drugs.   Those friends are a bad ~ on her. v. His writings have ~d the lives of millions.   522. advertise vt. 为…做广告   1)为…做广告 advertise a product / things   2)登广告征求/寻找… advertise for a new sales manager   523. cure cure sb of sth; find a cure for…   524. warn vt. 警告,预先通知 warn sb of / against sth 警告某人小心某物   525. assist v. 帮助,协助 assist sb. in dong /with sth.   we’ll assist you in finding a place to live.   She employed a woman to assist her with the housework.   assistance n. technical/ military assistance 技术/军事援助   526. awake v. 唤醒;(awoke/ awoken) Is he awake or asleep? awake to sth 意识到 醒悟到   It took her some time to awake to the dangers of her situation. adj 醒着的be wide awake   527. catch—caught—caught catch up with 赶上   catch sight of 看见 catch sb. doing 撞见/捉住某人做某事   catch one’s eye= attract one’s attention 引起某人注意;引人注目   528. particular adj 特殊的 particularly adv   be particular about 对……挑剔 in particular 特别 尤其   He stressed the point in particular. 1)。 We must pay particular attention to the point .   2)。She is very particular ______her clothes .(对…挑剔)   3)。He loves science fiction ______particular .(尤其)   4)。The nurse asked me for my particulars .(个人资料)   529. life n.1)生命 (pl. lives) lose/save one’s life; lay down one’s life for sb. 为…牺牲生命   2)生活 everyday life 日常生活; live/ lead a …life   3)bring…back to life 使…更有趣; come back to life 变得活跃,苏醒过来   530. kind 1) adj . be kind to sb. 对某人友好   2) n. a kind of / all kinds of kind of 稍微 有点儿 That made me feel kind of stupid.   531. chat v./n. 聊天;闲谈 chat—chatted—chatted—chatting   have a chat with sb. 与某人聊天; chat room 聊天室   532. distinction n. 区别,差别;卓越,优秀   1)make/draw a distinction 区别对待 2)the distinction between A and B   3) of great distinction 卓越的 4)have the distinction of doing sth 有荣誉殊荣做某事   533. matter   1) v. 要紧,有关系 It is the ability to do the job that matters not where you come from or what you are.   The children matter more to her than anything else in the world.   2)物质 (U) Air is matter。 问题,毛病 What’s the matter with…   情况,事态(matters)to make matters worse=what’s worse / worse still 更糟糕的是   关键;关乎…的事情 It’s a matter of… It’s a matter of money. as a matter of fact   534. by by bus/car/plane/air/train/ship… 乘汽车/小汽车/飞机/火车/船   535. put vt. (put, put ) put away 把 收藏起来 put aside 把… 放在一边;储存   put forward 提出 put off 推迟 put on 穿上;上演(戏剧等) put out 扑灭   put up 张贴,举起,搭起 put up with 忍受   536. course n.课程;航线;进程;一道菜   take a course in art and design The plane was on/ off course.   an event that changed the course of history The main course was roast duck.   in course of sth 在…的过程中 in / over the course of 在…期间   537. mercy n.怜悯,宽恕 throw oneself on one’s mercy 请求某人的宽恕   show mercy to sb/have mercy to sb 对某人怜悯   The boat is at the mercy of the wild waves. 在…掌握中;任…摆布   538. electrical a. 电的,电器的 lectrical equipment/engineer   2)electric 用电的,电动的 electric current 电流electric shock 电击 electric blanket   3) electronic 电子的 electronic calendar   539. serve vt. 为…服务;接待;对…有用;供应,上(饭菜等);vi. 服务,服役;接待,招待;适用   ~ the country/the people/~ dinner/wine/the soup to the guests   He has served in the army for three years. ~ as   service n. 服务(行为);服侍,招待;公共设施,业务;使用 I am at your ~.   540. friend n 朋友 make friends with sb a friend of Mary’s / a friend of mine   friendly adj友好的   541. hope 1) n. in (the) hope of…/ that clause. 抱着…的希望   He went abroad in the hope of earning a lot of money.   2) v. 1hope to do sth. ② hope so/ I hope not.   3 hope for… 期待着… Hope for the best, prepare for the worst   4 I hope that you are well./ I wish that I were a bird.   542. perform v. 表演,履行,行动,运作   1)。She performs an important role in our organization.   2)。This operation has never been performed in this country.   3)。A computer can perform many tasks at once .   4)。The play was first performed in 1987.   5)。The company has been performing poorly over the past year .   performer performance   543. pity n. 怜悯,同情;可惜 1)have /take pity on 2) What a pity! 3) out of pity   544. dislike v. 不喜欢,厌恶 1) dislike doing 2) dislike it + 从句   545. away adv离开;远离 keep away from 保持距离; far away 在远处   right away 立刻,马上; give away 泄露,赠送   546. hostess n. host actor actress   waiter waitress god goddess   547. reduce vt /vi 减少,缩小, 使成…状态 ~ the price by 10 percent.价格降低了10percent。   Hunger ~d him to stealing.饥饿使他开始偷东西。   548. slow adj. 慢的;笨的;迟钝的 slowly adv. slowness n.   Progress was slower than expected. He was the slowest student in the class.   v. slow down You must slow down, or you will be ill.   549. pin n/v pinned pinning v. n.(c) 别针   1)。a diamond pin 一枚钻石胸针 2)。A message had been pinned to the notice board.   a note pinned to the door   550. touch v. 触动,打动,触摸,接触;n. 接触,联系   touching adj. 打动人的;touched adj. 受到触动的   stay in touch with sb=keep in touch with sb与某人保持联系   lose touch with sb失去联系 get in touch with sb取得联系   be in touch with sb/ be out of touch with sb有联系/无联系   551. appeal v. n. 吸引,呼吁,恳求   The design has appealed to people of all ages. I appeal to you to protect the environment.   have/ hold appeal for sb. 对某人有吸引力 lose one’s appeal 失去吸引力   552. grateful 感激的,感谢的   be grateful for/that I’m so grateful for all your help.   She was grateful that he helped him a lot.   553. space n. 空间 空地;太空 The desk takes up too much space.   Can we make space/room for an extra chair? in outer space,   554. native adj. 出生的,当地的 n. 当地人 my native language-mother tongue 母语   The tiger is native to India. 原产于 a native of London 当地人   555. accustomed adj. 习惯的,适应的,惯常的   be/ get/ become accustomed to doing He was soon accustomed to getting up early.   556. usual a. 通常的 as usual 向往常一样   557. command n.&v 命令,指挥,支配   at /by one’s command get command of under one’s command   have a good command of command sb. to do sth.   command that clause (should do)   558. common a common mistake 常见错误; common practice 惯例; common sense 常识   have much/a lot/ little/nothing in common; in common with… 和……一样   559. realise vt. 实现;意识到 realise one’s dream   560. mass n. 团,块,大量 a mass of / masses of; the masses 群众   a mass of cloud 一朵云彩/ masses of clouds 朵朵云彩   561. rise vi(rose-risen)上升;上涨;起床;站起 n. 增加;加薪   The sun ~s in the east. He ~s at 6:00 every day.   give sb a rise给某人涨工资 on the ~ 在增长   562. secret adj. 秘密的 n. 秘密   keep sth (a )~ from sb 把某事对某人保密 in ~秘密地   563. mass n. 团,块,大量 a mass of / masses of; the masses 群众   a mass of cloud 一朵云彩/ masses of clouds 朵朵云彩   564. rise vi(rose-risen)上升;上涨;起床;站起 n. 增加;加薪   The sun ~s in the east. He ~s at 6:00 every day.   give sb a rise给某人涨工资 on the ~ 在增长   565. secret adj. 秘密的 n. 秘密   keep sth (a )~ from sb 把某事对某人保密 in ~秘密地   566. approve vi. 赞成 vt. 同意,批准 approve of 赞成,同意 approve of one’s idea   He doesn’t approve of my leaving this year. approve the plan/ proposal 通过计划/ 提议   approval n.   567. one one by one 逐个的 one after another 一个接一个 one another 相互   568. content adj. 甘愿的,满意的;n.内容   be content with 满足于; be content to do 甘愿做某事   the content of the article 文章内容; read the contents of the book 读目录   569. honor 1) n.荣誉,光荣 1 in honor of 为了纪念 向某人表达敬意   2 It’s an honor for sb. to do sth.   2) v. honor sb.给某人荣耀 The president honored us with a personal visit.   sb. be honored… 感到荣幸 I was honored to have been mentioned in his speech.   570. less than… 1no less than… 2more or less 3even/ much/ still less 更不用说   No explanation was offered, still less an apology.   571. occur vi (occurred, occurred) - happen发生   1)。When exactly did the accident occur?   2)。 Sth occurred to/hit/struck sb. 出现在头脑中,被想到 The idea occurred to him in a dream.   3)。It occurred to me that I had left my keys in the room. It didn’t occur to her to ask for help.   572. aboard prep. adv.在船(飞机,火车)上,上船(飞机,轮船)   all the people aboard 机上的人   573. hug v. hugged hugged   They put their arms around each other and hugged.   The track hugs the coast for a mile. (有一段距离紧挨某物)   n. He stopped to receive hugs and kisses from the fans.   He gave her mother a big hug.   574. cover v.遮盖;覆盖;涉及,处理;足以支付;行走一段路程;占一片面积;报道   She covered her face with her hands.   Much of the country is covered by forest.   The survey covers all aspects of the company.   Your parents will have to cover your tuition fees.   $ 100 should cover your expenses.   By sunset we had covered thirty miles.   The park covers an area of 1000 square kilometers.   She is covering the conference.   575. experience n 经历(cn) 经验(un) v 经历,体验 experience a different culture   be experienced in sth/doing = have experience in sth/ doing   576. pull v. 拉,拖,吸引 n. 拉力,引力   pull down 拆毁 pull in (火车等)进站 pull out 拔出,出站   577. abnormal adj.不正常的,畸形的,反常的 They thought his behavior was abnormal.   反义词:normal   578. shut v(shut-shut-shutting) 关,闭,合拢   ~ one’s mouth/ eyes The door won’t ~.   ~down 放下来关住;关闭,停业 ~ up关闭,闭嘴   579. normal adj. 正常的 n. 正常 normally adv.   It’s normal to feel tired after such a long trip.   normal temperature above /below normal   return to normal/get back to normal 恢复正常 common常见的,共同的   a common mistake常见错误;common sense常识;common practice 习惯做法   ordinary 普通的(average) ordinary-looking 相貌平平的   usual 通常的 as usual 和往常一样 than usual 比往常更   580. regular adj 有规则的;有规律的;经常的;定期的;固定的 regularly adv   a ~ meeting 定期的会议 He visited me regularly.   581. attach attach …to   582. absence n. 不在,缺席   absence from work/ school The decision was made in my absence.   in the absence of 在缺少…条件下 The case was dismissed in the absence of proof.   583. relax 放松,轻松;放心,宽慰 You have been working too hard. You need to relax yourself.   I’ll relax when I know you are safe.   584. promise c/n 诺言 v. 许诺;有…可能   1) make /keep/ carry out / break a promise   2) This year promises to be another good one for harvests.(有望成为)   3) a promising pianist (有前途的)   4) A heavy snow promises a good harvest.瑞雪兆丰年   585. lay – laid- laid 1lay the table 放桌子 2lay eggs 下蛋   3lay aside 把…放在一边 4lay down 放下   5 lay off 解雇 (laid-off 下岗的)   586. behavior n. 不可数 good/ bad behavior   be on your best behavior 尽量表现得体   587. way n. 路;方式,方法 in this way 用这种方法 by the way 顺便说(引入话题)   on the way to a place 在去某地的路上 under way 在进行中   on the way to doing 即将干某事 give way to sb/sth 让位给某人或某物   a way to lose weight=a way of losing weight 减肥的方法   You are in my way. 挡道,碍事 Please get out of my way! 别挡手,让开   588. know v. 1know of/ about 知道 获悉 了解 2 be known for/ as 3get to know sb. 逐渐了解…   589. expect 预料;盼望;认为,预料,预期,预计   You can’t expect to learn a foreign language in a few months.   expect sth of/from sb. expect too much of sb I except so/ I don’t except so   ----Will you be late? ----I expect so. ( I guess / think so)   As expected, they finished the work ahead of time.   ◎expectation n. 预料,期望   beyond (all) expectation(s) 出乎意料 contrary to (all) expectations 和预料相反   come up tpo one’s expectations 达到期望水平 fall short of one’s expectations 没达到期望   in expectation of 准备(有某种情况) He closed the windows in ~ of rain.   590. congratulation n祝贺名词常用复数 Congratulations to you !   congratulate v congratulate sb. on sth. 祝贺某人在某方面……   591. reason n. 理由,原因 v. 劝说,评理 reason sb into /out of doing 说服某人做(不做)   reason with sb和某人理论 the reason for sth The reason why…… is that……   592. miss v./n. 错过, 想念 She threw a plate at him and only narrowly missed.   My mind wasn’t on what he was doing, so I’m afraid I missed half of it.   The hotel is the only white building on the road—you can’t miss it.   miss the point 不懂 miss doing…= avoid sth. unpleasant 避开(坏事)   The gun fired but the bird missed being killed.   be missing/gone/lost adj. 找不见的,失踪的   593. guess v 猜测 What do you guess has happened to him? I guess so./I guess not.   You have guessed it.   594. guidance n. 引导,指导,建议 under one’ ~ with one’s help   guide v/n. 引导,导游   595. adopt v. 收养,采用,采纳   adopt a child the adopted son/ daughter   adopt a new policy/ a suggestion/ a plan/ an attitude   596. calculate v. 计算, 核算 It has been calculated that …   eg. It has been calculated that at least 47000 jobs were lost last year.   (be) calculated to do sth. eg. The speech was calculated to win votes.   597. suppose v. 认为 推断 料想;假定 假想   The prices are supposed to go up. Price will go up, I suppose.   Why do you suppose he left? She had supposed him to be rich.   Suppose / Supposing flights are fully booked on that day ,when could we go?   598. patient n.病人 adj.耐心的 be patient with   599. reply v & n回复,答复 ~ to a question a reply to my letter   600. intention n ~ of doing sth / to do sth I have no ~ of going to the wedding.   I had every~ of paying her back what I owe her. She is full of good ~s.   He left England with the ~ of traveling in Africa.
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